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Five Most Common Types of Ficus Trees

Figs, otherwise referred to as Ficus, are flowering plants that are native to specific parts of Asia and the Middle East. It is considered culturally as well as religiously important in areas in which it is grown.

The genus, Ficus, has about 850 species, but the following are the five most common:Under the genus, Ficus, are some 850 species, and below are five of the most common:The genus, Ficus, has at least 850 known species, the following being the five most common:

Ficus benjamina

There is probably no fig tree more famous than Ficus benjamina, which is characterized by generally dark colors and a sometimes flawed look. Although it grows quite fast in well-lit areas, the tree still thrives with minimal water and light, even growing as tall as 4 meters. Ficus benjamina trees are also called weeping trees due to their shedding of leaves every time they are transferred to another position, especially in an uncomplimentary habitat.

Ficus lyrata

This type of Ficus tree is known for its trendiness and has been mainly used as an ornament then and now. Sometimes called the the fiddle leaf or the banjo fig tree, this small one grows best in bright regions. It will keep growing as long as it is kept away from direct sunlight, otherwise, its leaves could burn.

Ficus elastica

People often find it weird when they learn that Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and remains a fig tree specie. This product of several combined types of figs are original to an Asian tropical forest. The F. elastica typically reaches 40 meters upward and has huge, polished leaves, at times bearing similar blemishes as seen in F. banjamina.

Ficus microcarpa

Also referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is not really a tree or shrub but a twisting aerial root from which leaves sprout. Such plant can reach a height between 40 cm to 1 meter and looks like a mini-tree. Like F. lyrata, appreciation for this fig tree is more about its decorative value than anything else. During winter, its ideal temperatures for optimal growth are from 12 to 15 degrees, while in summer, it thrives best in shady areas.

Ficus congesta

Ficus congesta, or the so-called cluster fig trees, are originally found in Asia, specifically in Indonesia and the Philippines. The fruits this plant, as you one can tell from its name, grows in clusters both on the tree’s branches and on its trunk. The leaves begin curled up, and when they unfurl they show various shades of red, making the tree look perfectly stunning. The F. congesta trees have many local nicknames, including the Satterthwaite fig, the red leafed figs, and more. Not much information can fit into a single page, but by knowing the top 5 common types of these plants, you should be headed in the right direction.