Signs and Symptoms of a Sinus Infection, Causes, Treatment and Complications
Sinus infection is defined as an inflammation of the air cavities within the nose passage. People who interact with chemicals more often and have allergies are prone to be infected with sinusitis. The infection occurs when a virus, bacteria or fungus grows within the sinus. The condition can be permanent if one fails to seek medical attention.
The main cause of sinus infection is environmental pollens and various irritants such as chemicals. It might also be caused by anything that hinders the free flow of air and drainage of mucus out of sinuses. The other cause of sinus could be tumors and growths that block the sinuses if they occur near sinus openings. Sinus can also be as a result of dehydration, disease, medication and lack of sufficient of enough humidity. This can also be caused by thickening of the mucous thus hindering its drainage. When the mucus is not discharged bacteria and viruses can have a medium of growth.
There are various types of Sinitus infections classified in several ways. Acute, subacute and chronic are the types of sinus infection under duration. Actute Sinitus is the one that is characterized by the shortest duration of time that is 3_5days. The type of sinus infection that has more hazardous than acute Sinitus is referred to as subacute Sinitus. The type of Sinitus that lasts for a period of 4months is referred to as chronic Sinitus. The most serious type of Sinitus and is attributed with various attacks all year long is referred to as recurrent Sinitus. When it comes to the type of inflammation Sinitus is subdivided into two, infected sinusitis and noninfectious sinusitis. Infectious sinusitis is usually caused by uncomplicated virus infection.
Non infectious Sinitus is a condition that results from chemical irritants and allergies. There are many indicators that one is suffering from Sinitus. The main sign is very painful headaches. Headaches results from the intense pressure in partially and completely blocked sinuses. Bending makes the head to hurt more. Tenderness of the face as well as swelling in the areas where sinus infection has occurred is another indicator of sinus infection. Fever comes about as a result of inflammation of sinus tissues, which is a sign of Sinitus. Sinitus is also characterized by postnasal drip. There is a lot of mucus that flows into the throat and causes discomfort as a result of sinus infection.
Doctors can treat sinus infection. But it is important to seek medical assistance from an ent practitioner. This is personel who are specialized in dealing with all conditions that are associated with ent. Ifbthere is a need for surgery, ent therapist perform it and they also do x-rays. Sinus condition is not infectious but should be treated as quick as possible to prevent further damage.